Before class, I never realized that “L’art Roman” did not actually mean “Roman Art” literally. But rather, it means “Romanesque art.” I have heard of Romanesque art before, but never quite knew what that entailed or was. After spending quite some time researching on the Internet what Romanesque art means, I have come to this conclusion: it is a style of art during the 11th century to about 12th and, in some areas, the 13th century. It is generally described through architecture, and led to the Gothic style of art. Romanesque art, whether it is architecture, sculptures or art, is generally Biblical in subject.
Romanesque architecture benefited from the architectural experiments from the Carolingian period. The stone vaults inside cathedrals are one of the greatest Romanesque innovations. They changed the look of cathedrals completely and got rid of wooden roofs. The sculptures and art were intricate on both the interior and exterior. The Romanesque style was influence by the Carolingian period. In this period, art and language became vernacular.
Charlemagne, who was originally named Carolus Magnus meaning Charles the Great, was crowned Holy Roman Emperor in 800 by Pope Leo III. His rule is associated with the Carolingian renaissance. Charlemagne invited Alcuin of York, an English scholar, to run his palace and schools. Alcuin became the leading scholar and teacher at the Carolingian court. The old Latin writing techniques were hard to comprehend and impelled Alcuin to create the Carolingian miniscule. With the Carolingian miniscule, we now have spacing of words, punctuation, set letters, capitalization and a standardized way of writing in any language.
Vernacular came about in the Romanesque and Carolingian periods. A time we once thought to be the Dark Ages, is now seen as quite a transformative period through art, architecture, sculptures and even writing.