From the time of the creation of the megaliths in Morbihan around 2000 BCE to the creation of the town of Lattara, now Lattes, in 500 BC., great advancements were made in architecture and art. Permanent buildings cease to be creations set up solely to honor the dead. The people in Lattara begin to set up permanent housing for themselves. Religion seems to become more organized because of the discovery of statues that may be related to ancient religious cults that were prevalent around the Mediterranean. The statues themselves are advancements toward creating a likeness of something rather than simply erecting stones.
In the Neolithic era, permanent structures were created to represent what the people recognized as permanent – their afterlife. The world they were in was transient and fleeting compared to what they saw in death. This is evident in menhirs and cairns that were built in honor of the dead and the passage into the afterlife. In Lattara, the people seem to have begun to feel more of a connection to their life on Earth. They are building permanent residences for themselves and not just for the dead. These permanent structures also represent their ability to support themselves on the land. Humans are becoming more and more domesticated and are in turn domesticating the world around them.
Religion also seems to have become more organized. Statues found in the area are evidence of religious cults that were common in the Mediterranean area. An organized and shared religion shows an exchange of ideas amongst the people of the Mediterranean. It is also a more sophisticated form of religion than worshiping the rising and setting of the sun. With religious cults come gods, mythology, and opinions on how life should be lived. The flushing out of legends associated with religion also makes the organization of religion a move toward more intricate storytelling.
The statues show the level of improvement on sculpting techniques. In Lattara, the people are creating statues in the likeness of people. This is a change from the giant rock megaliths in Morbihan with designs carved into them, or the paintings on the cave walls in Lascaux in the Paleolithic era that usually did not include human likenesses.
After looking at the art in Lascaux and Morbihan, the town of Lattara seems modern. Its layout is simple to understand because it is, for the most part, the same layout of towns we have today. There are houses and streets with inhabitants who are not nomadic. It is easy to imagine the everyday lives of people living in Lattara around 500 BC because an imaginary trip from this world to theirs does not involve as many changes as might be imagined. After all, the western world was mostly agricultural until recent times if the number of passing years is compared to the amount of time that has passed between present day and the Lascaux cave paintings, 19,000 years ago.